Pimples/acne is a common skin condition that affects most people at different ages . especially teenagers who are going through puberty. but in some cases can persist until the 30s and even 40 .
What Is Pimple
Pimples a skin condition caused by clogged or inflamed oil glands or an increased presence of pimple-causing bacteria on your skin. They’re a symptom of acne, it most often presents on the face, chest, back (also know as bacne) , as these are the areas of the body with the most sebaceous (oil) glands .
Due to Covid restrictions, the new norm of wearing a mask have also caused a comm sight know as acne or Maskne. )
What’s the root cause behind
- Hormonal changes (such as puberty, pregnancy, and the menstrual cycle
- Squeezing or picking , popping existing pimples
- Pressure, such as from collars, hats, helmets, and backpack straps
- High humidity
- Genetic predisposition to acne
- Using oil-based make up cosmetics or hair products
- Medications, such as corticosteroids and anabolic steroids.
TYPES OF PIMPLE
Whiteheads are also known as closed comedones. Whiteheads are common acne visible as white acne blemishes covered by a thin layer of skin. This type of acne generally does not lead to scarring. Whiteheads are also known as closed comedones acne.
Blackheads appear on the skin as small bumps due to clogged pores. This mild type of acne has a black or dark colour. Blackheads have an open pore and this expose the whitehead to air. The whiteheads become darker due to oxidation and present as black or dark acne. Blackheads are also known as open comedonal acne.
Papule acne is a tiny raised red bump beneath the skin’s surface. This type of acne does not have visible pus.
Pustule acne looks like bumps that are larger in size and the center of the infected pore has whitish or yellowish pus. This type of acne is hard, red, and inflamed, and it is painful when touched.
This type of ache is chronic acne. Nodule or nodular acne affects a larger area, it is red and inflamed with hard painful lumps firmly entrenched in the skin. Clogged pores damage the deeper tissues and cells in the underlying skin. This can lead to dark spots and extensive scarring of the skin.
Acne scars form when papules, pustules, or nodule acne get inflamed and infected. The follicle walls are damaged when infected pores burst and this causes significant damage to the skin and scars form.
How to prevent
Keep your skin clean.
Gently wash your face up to twice daily and after sweating.
Choose a gentle, non-abrasive cleanser.
Choose the right skin care.
Stick to your treatment.
Keep your hands off.
Stay out of the sun and tanning beds.